10 Reasons why Democracy is Best for any Country
For most people on this planet, there comes a day when they analyse different political ideologies and wonder what an ideal government should be like. Totalitarian, anarchy, monarchy, theocracy, aristocracy, autocracy, military takeover, democracy and dictatorship are various forms of government that have successfully been implemented in various parts of the world. Only a critical evaluation can bring us to conclude which of the mentioned government structures works best for us. For years political thinkers worldwide have accused democracy of instability, corruption, chaos, slow decisions and power play. However when I hear of all those exploitative and brutal policies of authoritative regimes that still exist in today’s world, I grow affinity towards the very concept of democracy. And not just this, there are many other things we take for granted and fail to appreciate about democracy. Respecting and supporting the thoughts of democrats and constitution makers over the world, I believe democracy is the best political solution for every country. The top 10 arguments in favor of democracy are as follows:
10. Democracy introduces self-government at the grass root level:
The essence of democracy is self-government. Democracy distributes administrative power to lower levels up to the very grass root level of villages. Within a country, smaller administrative boundaries are drawn which are further divided among different blocks, each having its own self-government system. Though the smaller governments are subordinate to the national government, they provide enough exposure, administrative power and participation opportunity to people, increasing efficiency and in turn making the government more accountable.
9. It provides space for fair and healthy competition:
Democracy is built on the very pillar of fairness which gives it clear advantage over alternative forms of government. In democracy, every citizen has a fair chance to come to power. Every individual has one vote and every vote has equal value. The say of a slum dweller in deciding the political future of the country is the same as that of a millionaire industrialist. Free and fair elections are held from time to time under the supervision of an independent body. A true democracy is a platform of healthy competition, not subjected to muscle might or power play.
8. The option for justified protest is open to all:
This is one of the biggest marked differences between democracy and other forms of governments. Authoritative regimes do not allow the masses to protest against the decisions made by those in power. The people have to quietly bear the burden of the exploitative rules of the powerful. If a revolutionary spark is noticed, it is brutally suppressed. However, in democracy, people have the right to protest and express their views against the government decisions publicly, as far as the law and order is maintained. A democratic government can be pressurized by organizing people and putting forward protests and any unjustified or cruel repression is legally dealt with.
7. Because it can deal with conflicts in the most peaceful manner:
All large societies witness differences of interests as well as opinions among the different sections of people comprising them. E.g. if we consider India, we may easily find sharp differences between people belonging to different regions/ castes/ religions or speaking different languages. The conflicting preferences of people may often lead to clashes which are best solved in a democratic setup. No one emerges as a permanent winner or loser and people learn to live peacefully with each other. In administrative structures other than democracy, it will become a matter of power play where the more powerful group shall dictate its terms to the less powerful one, leading to resentment and unhappiness.
6. In democracy, decision making is improvised:
Democracy requires election of a legislative body whose members come from different regions and communities belonging to the country. The number of members may vary according to proportional representation of the country’s population. Any decision, before being taken, is discussed among these members and suggestions come from different sections of the society. Thus the decision making process is subjected to widespread consultation within a democracy. This is unlike other government frameworks where lesser number of people are consulted or a mere arbitrary decision is made. When more number of people put their heads together, loopholes are easy to discover, solutions are varying in nature and the quality of decision is better.
5. It provides scope to correct one’s mistake:
Though in a democracy, people take their own decisions by electing their own representatives, there is no guarantee that decisions taken by the general public at the time of elections prove to be right for the years to come. Sometimes, people may later realize that they made a wrong choice. The best part of democracy is that such mistakes cannot stay hidden for long and there is room for correction. When the representatives we elect turn out to be corrupt or insensitive towards public sentiments, we can always vote for better alternatives in the next general elections. If the rulers do not change their decisions, we can change them. This is not possible in any other form of government.
4. Representatives are accountable to the general public:
Democracy can be called the best form of government for any country as no other form of government can respond to the needs of the masses better than democracy. Non-democratic governments also respond to people but a major influence on the nature and spontaneity of this response is exerted by the wishes of the ruler. On the other hand, democratic government always has to consider public demand and welfare above its own ideology. At all times, the government is accountable to people and bound to explain its decisions in favor of public interests.
3. Rule of law prevails:
Where democracy is the rule of the land, rule of law lingers in the air. In democracy, the law is supreme and all the citizens are subjected to that law. Rich or poor are like and so are mighty and weak. The decision given by the interpreters of law i.e. the courts is binding on all the subjects, which includes the government. The amount of chaos and arbitrariness are reduced in a lawful scenario. This is a result of a chief feature of democracy that establishes independent institutions of judiciary, executive and legislation. Other government statures may not have an independent judiciary or the legal framework may not be equally imposed over all the citizens.
2. The real power is vested in the hands of the masses:
Unlike a dictatorship/authoritarian regime where all power is concentrated in the hands of the arbitrary ruler, democracy is one form of government that truly empowers the masses. This is because, not someone else, but the masses govern themselves. While many say, democracy provides the right to vote, I say it provides millions of citizens the POWER TO VOTE. This is why the why the word “people” becomes so important in Abraham Lincoln’s famous description of democracy as a government “by the PEOPLE, of the PEOPLE and for the PEOPLE”. Often, people who enjoy it give little thought to it, but the people who do not have any say in how they wish to be governed realize its real worth.
1. Democracy enhances dignity of citizens:
The political scene of a country largely determines the quality of social life of its citizens. This is where democracy rushes quite ahead of alternative forms of government. The strongest argument in favor of democracy does not relate to what democracy does to the government but to what democracy does to its citizens. Even if democracy leads to instability, even if it may not bring better decisions and even if it does not stay accountable to people, it still remains the best because it enhances the dignity of citizens. With democracy, come rights and freedoms, equality and justice. Each individual, rich or poor has the same political status. There are no restrictions on thoughts, beliefs, religious practices and expression. Democracy is where every individual walks dignified and fearless with the head held high.